The Electro Slag Remelting (ESR)
is a secondary clean steel preparation process which involves remelting
of steel in the form of consumable electrodes for refining of the metal
using electrically conductive molten slag (of appropriate composition)
in a water cooled Copper Mould. The process involves resistance heating
(not by arc). The molten slag pool is maintained in the copper mould by
flow of alternating current for generation of heat. The electric current
passes between the electrode and the conducting copper base plate,
provided at the bottom of the mould, through the slag bath which
provides the resistive element in the circuit. As slag temperature rises
above the melting temperature of the metal (of the consumable
electrode), the tip of the electrode melts by droplets which are
progressively detached from the electrode tip and pass through the slag
(where they get refined). These droplets are accumulated in a metal pool
inside the mould above the base plate.
The controlled cooling & solidification operation, which is equally
important for ESR process, takes place progressively and the ingot is
gradually formed as heat is removed from the metal pool via the water
cooled base plate and the walls of the mould.
By controlling the melting power, melt rate and also the cooling /
solidification rate, it is ensured that an ingot structure is
established which comes very close to providing the ideal structure
which has been the goal of metallurgists for a long time; the properties
thus achieved in the ingot are superior in many respects to the
conventionally produced metal, particularly important being the
reproducibility of very high quality products.
There are various methods for production of ingot, e.g.
[i] Stationary full mould method
[ii] Short collar mould with
(a) Bottom plate stationary & mould gradually
(b) Bottom plate withdrawal with single electrode or
with multi electrode change system.
/ PLANT REQUIREMENTS
/Slag Preparation System
ESR Ingot Heat Treatment
Services, Electrics & Electronics, Computer &
SUPPLIES OF ESR PLANTS IN INDIA
capacity ESR unit for Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory,
2.10,000kg capacity ESR plant for Metal & Steel Factory, Ishapore,
West Bengal under the Indian Ordnance Factory Board, Ministry of Defence,
Govt. of India.
IN INDIA, METCO Industries HAS THE EXCLUSIVE
TIE-UP WITH FOREIGN ESR SPECIALIST ORGANISATION AND POSSESSES THE
CAPABILITY TO DESIGN, SUPPLY & INSTAL TAILOR MADE ESR PLANTS AND
EQUIPMENT TO SUIT ALL TYPES OF CUSTOMERS' REQUIREMENTS VIZ. TYPE OF
STEEL GRADE, PRODUCTION CAPACITY, INGOT SIZES ETC. ETC.
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